Leopard 2

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Leopard 2
Pa044066.jpg
Danish Leopard 2 MBT
Type Main battle tank
Place of origin West Germany
Service history
In service 1979–present
Used by See Operators
Wars War in Afghanistan
Syrian Civil War
Production history
Designer Krauss-Maffei
Designed 1970s
Manufacturer Krauss-Maffei Wegmann
Maschinenbau Kiel
Unit cost 2A6: US$5.74 million (2007)
Produced 1979–present
Number built 3,480
Specifications
Weight 2A6: 62.3 tonnes (68.7 short tons)
Length 2A6: 9.97 metres (393 inches) (gun forward)
Width 2A6: 3.75 m (148 in)
Height 2A6: 3.0 m (120 in)
Crew 4

Armour 2A6: 3rd generation composite; including high-hardness steel, tungsten and plastic filler with ceramic component.
Main
armament
1× 120 mm Rheinmetall L55 smoothbore gun (42 rounds)
Secondary
armament
2× 7.62 mm MG3A1 (4,750 rounds)
Engine MTU MB 873 Ka-501 liquid-cooled V12 twin-turbo diesel engine
1,500 PS (1,479 hp, 1,103 kW) at 2,600 rpm
Power/weight 24.1 PS/t (17.7 kW/t)
Transmission Renk HSWL 354
Suspension Torsion bar suspension
Fuel capacity 1,200 litres (264 imperial gallons; 317 US gallons)
Operational
range
550 km (340 mi) (internal fuel)
Speed 68 km/h (42 mph)

The Leopard 2 is a German main battle tank (Kampfpanzer) developed by Krauss-Maffei in the early 1970s and first entering service in 1979. The Leopard 2 replaced the earlier Leopard 1 as the main battle tank of the German Army. Various versions have served in the armed forces of Germany and twelve other European countries, as well as several non-European nations. More than 3,480 Leopard 2s have been manufactured. The Leopard 2 first saw combat in Kosovo with the German Army and has also seen action in Afghanistan with the Danish and Canadian ISAF forces.

There are two main development batches of the tank, the original models up to Leopard 2A4 which have vertically-faced turret armour, and the "improved" batch, namely the Leopard 2A5 and newer versions, which have angled arrow-shaped turret appliqué armour together with a number of other improvements. All models feature digital fire control systems with laser rangefinders, a fully stabilized main gun and coaxial machine gun, and advanced night vision and sighting equipment (first vehicles used a low-light level TV system or LLLTV; thermal imaging was introduced later on). The tank has the ability to engage moving targets while moving over rough terrain. It can drive through water 4 meters (13 ft) deep using a snorkel or 1.2 meters (3 ft 11 in) without any preparation and climb vertical obstacles over one metre high. The tank is powered with a turbo-charged multi-fuel V12 diesel engine that produces 1,500 PS (1,479 hp, 1,103 kW).

Operators